HAZARDOUS MATERIALS OPERATIONS
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If you have questions about hazardous materials at your home or business, you may contact the Department of Emergency Services 24 hours a day.
What is Hazardous Materials:
Hazmat is a regulatory term used by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) to refer to any substance or material that poses an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce. 49 CFR §171.8. Hazmat, also known as “hazardous material” or “dangerous goods” can include, among other things, manufactured items and commercial products. 49 CFR §172.101. Although federal regulations provide an extensive listing of common hazmat items, the person or business offering an item for commercial shipment has the ultimate legal responsibility to determine whether an item qualifies as a hazmat. 49 CFR § 172.200.
The breadth of different types of materials that qualify as hazmat is surprising. For example, hazmat includes:
According to recent estimates from the United States Department of Transportation, there are approximately 800,000 daily of hazmat in the United States every day.
Hazardous Materials Transportation :
The federal government regulates the commercial shipment of hazardous materials. The definition of hazardous material (also known as “hazmat” or “dangerous goods”) is surprisingly broad.
What are Hazardous Materials Regulations:
The Hazardous Material Regulations (HMR), promulgated by DOT's
Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA), are the federal
regulations governing the commercial transportation of hazmat in
interstate, intrastate, and foreign commerce. The HMR covers three
general activities: (1) pre-transportation functions; (2)
transportation functions; and (3) manufacturing reconditioning and certifying
containers and packaging materials used to transport hazardous
materials. 49 CFR § 171.1.
Pre-transportation functions are typically performed by the person or business that wants to send a hazmat item from point A to point B, and include:
49 CFR § 171.1(b). Transportation functions are typically performed by the carrier from the time the carrier takes possession of the hazmat package until the hazmat package is delivered to the destination indicated on the shipping paperwork. Transportation functions typically include:
49 CFR § 171.1(b). Certain functions can be described as either "pre-transportation" or "transportation" functions depending on who performs the function (e.g. loading a hazmat item into a freight container is a transportation function if conducted by, or in the presence of the carrier). Id.